Hormone balance Rosalind Franklin

 Chemistry Rosalind Franklin Article

AprilВ RodriguezВ

Mr. В Rojo. В

PeriodВ 6В

AprilВ 23rdВ 2015В

В 

RosalindВ FranklinВ wasВ bornВ onВ JulyВ 25, 1920В inВ NottingВ HillВ London, uk, В Britain. В UnitedВ kingdom. В SheВ isВ theВ secondВ ofВ fiveВ childrenВ inВ aВ AngloВ­JewishВ family. В InВ herВ earlyВ yearsВ sheВ showedВ exceptionalВ scholasticВ abilities, В atВ theВ ageВ ofВ 9В sheВ attendedВ St . В Paul'sВ GirlsВ university. В WhichВ wasВ oneВ ofВ theВ fewВ schoolsВ thatВ wouldВ teachВ PhysicsВ andВ ChemistryВ toВ ladies. FranklinВ learnedВ GermanВ andВ becameВ fluentВ inВ People from france. В AtВ theВ ageВ ofВ 15В sheВ knewВ sheВ desired В toВ beВ aВ scientist. В Rosalind'sВ fatherВ alsoВ wantedВ toВ beВ aВ scientistВ butВ WorldВ WarВ IВ cutВ hisВ educationВ shortВ unfortunately, В sinceВ itВ wasВ veryВ difficultВ forВ womenВ toВ pursueВ inВ becomingВ aВ scientistВ herВ fatherВ encourageВ RosalindВ toВ becomeВ aВ socialВ worker, В sheВ continuedВ onВ theВ pathВ toВ becomingВ aВ scientistВ instead. В В InВ 1938, В FranklinВ leftВ St . В Paul'sВ andВ enteredВ NewnhamВ College, В whichВ wasВ oneВ ofВ twoВ womenВ collegesВ atВ CambridgeВ UniversityВ and, В majoredВ inВ physicalВ chemistry. В HoweverНѕВ duringВ herВ undergraduateВ yearsВ herВ coursesВ wereВ partiallyВ changedВ dueВ toВ theВ factВ thatВ WorldВ WarВ IIВ causeВ manyВ scienceВ instructorsВ toВ leaveВ toВ doВ WarВ work. В InВ oneВ ofВ Franklin'sВ letterВ sheВ known В " PracticallyВ theВ wholeВ CavendishВ haveВ vanished. В BiochemistryВ wasВ almostВ entirelyВ runВ byВ the В GermansВ andВ mayВ notВ survive”. CambridgeВ tookВ inВ aВ numberВ ofВ warВ refugeesВ includingВ FrenchВ scientistВ AdrienneВ Weill, В whoВ becameВ Franklin'sВ mentorВ andВ friend. В InВ 1941В FranklinВ receivedВ herВ bachelorВ degree, В sheВ wasВ alsoВ awardedВ aВ researchВ scholarshipВ toВ doВ graduateВ work, В andВ aВ researchВ grantВ fromВ theВ

DepartmentВ ofВ ScientificВ andВ IndustrialВ Research. SheВ spentВ aВ yearВ inВ theВ laboratoryВ onВ R. В G. В W. В NorrishВ whichВ hadВ photochemistry. В В

InВ 1942, В WorldВ WarВ IIВ wasВ stillВ goingВ on, В FranklinВ hadВ toВ decidedВ whetherВ toВ continueВ onВ WarВ job В orВ pursueВ aВ PhDВ­orientedВ researchВ jobВ inВ aВ fieldВ relevantВ toВ wartimeВ requires. В SheВ choseВ theВ latterВ andВ SheВ wentВ onВ toВ workВ asВ anВ assistantВ researchВ officerВ atВ theВ BritishВ Coal В UtilisationВ ResearchВ Relationship. В BCURAВ wasВ whereВ sheВ studiedВ theВ porosityВ ofВ coal, В whichВ wasВ theВ basisВ ofВ herВ Ph. DВ thesisВ FranklinВ workedВ toВ clarifyВ theВ microВ­structureВ ofВ variousВ coalsВ andВ carbons, В anyВ explainВ whyВ someВ wereВ moreВ permeable В by В water, В gases, В orВ solventsВ andВ howВ heatingВ andВ carbonizationВ affectedВ permeability. В InВ theВ original В work, В sheВ foundВ thatВ theВ poresВ inВ coalВ haveВ fineВ constrictionsВ atВ theВ molecularВ level, В whichВ increaseВ heating. В ThisВ workВ yieldedВ aВ doctoralВ thesis ”​ TheВ

physicalВ chemistryВ ofВ solidВ organicВ colloidsВ withВ specialВ referenceВ toВ coal. ​ ” SheВ receivedВ

herВ PhDВ fromВ CambridgeВ inВ 1945. В

AfterВ theВ war, В Franklin В beganВ searchingВ forВ distinct. В HerВ friendВ AdrienneВ WeillВ returnedВ fromВ franceВ andВ helpedВ herВ getВ aВ positionВ inВ JacquesВ Mering'sВ lab. В InВ 1946, В FranklinВ wasВ appointedВ atВ theВ LaboratoireВ CentralВ desВ ServicesВ ChimiquesВ deВ L'EtatВ inВ Paris, france, В whereВ sheВ spentВ threeВ yearsВ andВ workedВ withВ JacquesВ Mering, В heВ taughtВ herВ XВ­rayВ diffraction. В BecomingВ veryВ skilledВ withВ thisВ technique, В herВ workВ detailingВ theВ structureВ ofВ graphitizingВ andВ nonВ­graphitizingВ carbonsВ helpedВ formВ theВ basisВ forВ theВ developmentВ ofВ CarbonВ fibersВ andВ newВ heatВ­resistantВ elements, В andВ earnedВ herВ aВ reputationВ amongВ coalВ chemists. В Also, В XВ­rayВ diffractionВ willВ playВ aВ roleВ intoВ herВ discoveryВ ofВ theВ structureВ ofВ DNA. В AlthoughВ sheВ wasВ happyВ inВ France, В FranklinВ beganВ searchingВ aВ positionВ inВ EnglandВ В

inВ 1949. В HerВ friendВ Charles В Coulson, В aВ theoreticalВ chemist, В suggestedВ sheВ lookВ intoВ doingВ...