Ammonia Treatment in Textile Processing

 Ammonia Treatment in Fabric Processing Article

 " Ammonia Treatment in Fabric Processing”

Before Studding " Hydrogen Treatment” we need to know about the Pretreatments in textile processing….

Why we all do Pre-Treatments?

Pretreatment is the center of processing of linen. Grey fabric after weaving is quite unappealing and contains numerous natural and added impurities which impede the good carrying out of subsequent stage like dyeing, printing and finishing.

What are Pre-Treatments?

In Pretreatment, all these impurities are eliminated and textile is taken to a stage where it really is more adsorbent and light and can be very easily processed further more. In other words Pretreatment process could possibly be defined as methods concerning regarding the removal of normal and added impurities inside the fabric for an optimum level that can offer good whiteness and absorbency by utilizing minimal time, strength and chemical substances as well as water. �

Major steps involved with textile pretreatment are:



Bleaching and

Mercerization or perhaps " Ammonia Treatment”

In each and every step, different chemicals are participating which are: »    Wetting Scoring Brokers,

»    Sequestering Real estate agents,

»    Mercerizing Providers or " Liquid Ammonia”,     »    Hydrogen Peroxide Stabilizers and

»    Hydrogen Peroxide Killers.

Pretreatment is important!!!

70% of complications during dyeing and completing are caused by pretreatment. Now….

Precisely what is Mercerization?

Mercerization is a way of processing cellulose fibers by alkalis. This processing makes the inside of the materials swell to use new fiber properties over and above their original feel or physical properties. Salt hydroxide (NaOH) and hydrogen (NH3) are being used as the alkaline chemical compounds for mercerization.

Ammonia Mercerizing of cellulose materials


The use of ammonia in mercerization have been known since the 1930's and was developed commercially for textile processing about 1970 in what was actually known as the Tedesco process, which has been subsequently bought by the Sanforized company and made well-known as the Sanfor-Set process. The fashion appeal of apparent " flat-finish” denim as a result of Japanese ammonia-finished denim that numerous companies replaced caustic-mercerized fabric, often delivering them since ammonia completed.


By combining hydrogen mercerization and Sanforizing in one step shrinkage control can be greatly better in jeans. In contrast to caustic mercerization, the fabric is smoother, semi-permanent press properties result and in the situation of twill fabrics, there exists less seam-puckering in apparel, less leg- twist and edge-fraying. Contrary to caustic mercerization, the fabric is usually not degraded, avoiding a harsh hand even following multiple washings. The resistances to scratching tear and tensile is significantly better. The original method consisted of moving the fabric nevertheless a bath of liquid freezing mixture with completely pickup for about 10 mere seconds. The phosphate was taken out with dried heat utilized by passing over blanketed, steam warmed dry can lids which eliminated about 90% of the freezing mixture which was then simply recovered with a recovery grow consisting of large, pressurized towers and made designed for recycling. Other ammonia, which chemically attached to the cellulose, was eliminated by lumination steaming.

Effects & Disorders:

The difference essentially as opposed to caustic mercerization is because with hydrogen, there is fewer fiber-swelling, hence the fibers are more pliable, that allows them to bend and retrieve more easily once tension or stress is applied. In addition , unlike regular wet-finishing of denim, the ammonia penetrates completely into yarns and fibers, leading to complete wetting, which is essential for plasticizing the cotton intended for consistent shrinkage and elongation. In garments that are fabricated from hydrogen treated-fabrics, the garment life is longer after long periods of wear and...