__________________________________________________________________ 1 . Backdrop:
Potato can be described as starchy, tuberous crop through the perennial " Solanum tuberosum” of the Solanaceae family (also known as the nightshades). It originated from your area of present-day southern Peru and it's right now grown around the world. Potatoes were first released outside the Andes region several centuries in the past, and have become an integral part of most of the world's food. It is the world's fourth-largest food crop, next rice, wheat or grain, and maize. Wild potato species happen throughout the Americas, from the Usa to Uruguay. The gross annual diet of an average global citizen in the first decade of the 21st century included regarding 33 kg of potato. This remains an important crop in Europe, exactly where per household production is still the highest in the world, but the many rapid expansion over the past few decades has occurred in southern and eastern Asia. China is now the world's largest potato-producing country, and nearly another of the planet's potatoes will be harvested in China and India Spud which is believed to have been launched in India in the sixteenth Century from there it may reach some areas of Bhutan in 17th and 18th 100 years. However modern day way of spud production goes back to last 5 years only. Since then Potato is one of the most important money crop to get Bhutanese maqui berry farmers. Now really grown in most area of Bhutan and the extra potato is sold to India. Potato gets the high market demand together with the potential to increase rural income thereby minimizing the low income.
2 . Types:
Potato can be scientifically known as as " Solanum tuberosum”. Other local names incorporate " Kewa” in Dzongkha, " Zogtang” in Sharshpkha and " Alu” in Lotshamkha. The word potato may possibly refer to the plant itself plus the edible tuber. The plant is capable of providing even more nutritious meals from much less land quicker. Potato is definitely short duration plants that can be planted and gathered as per the requirement of cropping program. In Bhutan, it can be developed as a winter crop inside the subtropics and since a summer time crop in temperate and sub-alpine environments. As of now there are over a 1, 000 different types of taters in the world. But in Bhutan Desiree, Kufri Jyoti, Yusikaap and Khangma Kewa kaap will be the four primary varieties. Desiree red-skinned variety is mostly grown within Bhutan (about 90%). The main causes of the inclination are: it is excellent keeping/storing quality,
better prices and
Very good eating top quality.
Latest efforts to capitalize for the export possibility of seed spud may lead to the adoption of other kinds, especially the variety Kufri Jyoti, which is favored in many areas of West Bengal, India.
a few. Potato Development:
i. Seedling Potatoes and Seed Prep
The seed potato can be described as vegetative portion of the plant (ofcourse not a organic seed). Potato requires high seed advices, about 800-1000 kg per acre (rice = 30 kg). Scale the Seeds tuber should be 35-60 grms with multiple healthy seedlings of 1-2cm. Cutting of seed tuber into rates is purely discouraged since virus and bacterial conditions can get sent from diseased to healthy tuber through cutting kitchen knives and tuber contact. ii. Land Planning and Planting
Land preparation depends on area terrain, farm building size plus the access to assets. Power tiller and bullocks are used for slanting the property. As potato requires a deep, loose, friable and well aerated ground, the dirt should be ploughed to a depth of over twenty cm. Ploughing and other operation should be done in optimal soil moisture condition. In slopping land in which lighter soil are present, it is dangerous to make the tilt too fine while heavy rain or thunder or wind storms may clean away large amount of soils. In such instances the conversation practices should be done.
Planting of potatoes should be done in furrows; Seeds must be placed in the base of the crack, at a spacing of 30 cm and protected with 5 – twelve cm of soil. In case of large seed (> 100g), a space of...
Sources: 1 . T. Roder, E. Nidup and S. Wangdi. (2007). Marketing Bhutanese spud – Encounters, Challenges and Opportunities
2 . Meals and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as well as the Common Pay for for Commodities. Strengthening potato value chains-Technical and Insurance plan Options Intended for Developing Countries,. 2010, Ancient rome
3. Surendra Raj Joshi and Bhim Raj Gurung. (2009). Potato in Bhutan - Value Chain Evaluation. Ministry of Agriculture, Thimphu.
4. Govt of Nepal, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, Office of Culture Commercial Culture Development Task, Project Management Unit, Final Report Item Chain Study Potato, 2008, Biratnagar, Nepal
5. Chhime Tshering and Domang. (2004). The Seedling Potato program in Bhutan and the way forward, Agricultural Marketing Companies, Ministry of Agriculture, Thimphu, Bhutan.