_x000C_The Benefits of Recreational areas: Why America Needs More City Recreational areas and Open Space

 _x000C_The Benefits of Parks: Why America Demands More Metropolis Parks and Open Space Essay

The key benefits of Parks:

For what reason America Requires More City Parks and Open Space

By Paul M. Sherer

Published by simply:

116 Fresh Montgomery Streets

Fourth Ground

San Francisco, CA 94105

(415) 495-4014

www.tpl.org

©2006 the Trust to get Public Land - Reprint of " Parks intended for People” light paper, posted in the year 2003.

Table of Contents

Forward: Will Rogers, President, Trust for Community Land

your five

Executive Overview

6

America Needs More City Recreational areas

U. H. Cities Happen to be Park-Poor

Low-Income Neighborhoods Happen to be Desperately In short supply of Park Space Case Study: New Parks intended for Los Angeles

The Public Wants More Parks

almost 8

History of Many City Recreational areas: Inspiration, Desertion, Revival The Decline of City Parks

A Rebirth Begins

Spending budget Crises Threaten City Leisure areas

10

Public Health Benefits of Metropolis Parks and Open Space

Physical Activity Makes People Healthier

America's Twin Plagues: Physical Inactivity and Obesity

Usage of Parks Raises Frequency of Exercise

Contact with Nature and Greenery Makes People Better

12

Economical Benefits of Parks

14

Elevated Property Ideals

Property Ideals in Low-Income Urban Areas

Property Values with the Edges of Urban Areas

Results on Commercial Property Ideals

Economic Revitalization: Attracting and Retaining Businesses and Citizens Tourism Benefits

Environmental Benefits associated with Parks

Pollution Abatement and Cooling

Handling Stormwater Runoff

17

Interpersonal Benefits of Parks

Reducing Criminal offenses

Recreation Opportunities: The Importance of Play

Creating Stable Areas with Good Community

18

Conclusion

20

Notes

21

Bibliography

twenty four

3

Forwards

At the time for the 20th century, the majority of Americans lived in rural areas and little towns, relatively close to the property. At the beginning of the 21st century, eighty five percent people were living in cities and metropolitan areas, and several of us are in anxious need of places to see nature and refresh yourself in the out-of-doors.

The emergence of America as a great urban nation was predicted by Frederick Law Olmsted and other 19th-century park visionaries, who gave us Fresh York's Central Park, San Francisco's Fantastic Gate Area, and comparable grand leisure areas in towns across the country. They were landscapers and designers-but also preachers for the strength of parks, dismissed from within by understanding that they were shaping the caliber of American lives for years to come. In the look at of these recreation area visionaries, leisure areas were not " amenities. ” They were requirements, providing entertainment, inspiration, and essential rest from the city's blare and bustle. As well as the visionaries were particularly concerned that parks be available to any or all of a city's residents-especially individuals who did not have the resources to flee to the countryside.

As population shifted towards the suburbs following World War II, this vision of parks for any faded. Various cities dropped the resources to develop new parks. And in the new suburbs, the sprawling panoramas of curving cul-de-sacs had been broken mainly by boxy shopping centers and concrete parking lots. The time has come for People in america to rededicate themselves for the vision of parks for those nation's people. As the country's leading conservation group creating parks in and around cities, the Trust to get Public Property (TPL) offers launched the Parks for People initiative in the belief that all American child should appreciate convenient entry to a close by park or playground. This kind of white newspaper outlines just how desperate the importance is for town parks-especially in inner-city communities. And this goes on to describe the cultural, environmental, monetary, and health benefits parks bring to a city and its people. TPL hopes this kind of paper will generate debate about the advantages of parks, prompt new analysis on the benefits associated with parks to cities, and serve as a reference to get government leaders and volunteers as they make the case that parks are crucial to the health insurance and well-being of most Americans.

You will see more information regarding...

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Cox, Bob, Mitchell Schnurman, Jim Reeves, and Jay Underlying. " Boeing to Move Headquarters to

Chicago. ” Fortification Worth Star-Telegram, May 14, 2001.

Cranz, Galen. The Politics of Park Design and style: A History of Urban Leisure areas in America Cambridge, Mass.: UBER

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———. The Impact of Parks and Open Space on Real estate Values as well as the Property Duty Base. Ashburn, Va.:

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